Triangles are a fundamental shape in mathematics, with three angles connecting three sides. To understand the structure of a triangle, it is important to understand its bisectors. A bisector is a line or plane that divides a shape into two equal halves. In a triangle, the five 1 bisectors are the angle bisectors, the medians, the altitudes, the perpendicular bisectors, and the symmedians.

## Angle Bisectors

The angle bisectors divide the interior angles of a triangle into two equal parts. In an equilateral triangle, all three angles are the same, so all three angle bisectors are the same line. In an isosceles triangle, two of the angles are the same, so two of the angle bisectors are the same line. In a scalene triangle, all three angles are different, so all three angle bisectors are different lines.

## Medians

The medians of a triangle are the lines that connect each vertex of the triangle to the midpoint of the opposite side. In an isosceles triangle, the two sides that are equal in length will have the same median. In a scalene triangle, all three sides have different medians. The medians of a triangle intersect at the centroid of the triangle, which is the point of intersection of the three medians.

## Altitudes

The altitudes of a triangle are the lines that are perpendicular to the sides of the triangle and pass through the opposite vertex. In an isosceles triangle, the two sides that are equal in length will have the same altitude. In a scalene triangle, all three sides have different altitudes. The altitudes of a triangle intersect at the orthocenter of the triangle, which is the point of intersection of the three altitudes.

## Perpendicular Bisectors

The perpendicular bisectors of a triangle are the lines that divide each side of the triangle into two equal parts and are perpendicular to the side. In an isosceles triangle, the two sides that are equal in length will have the same perpendicular bisector. In a scalene triangle, all three sides have different perpendicular bisectors. The perpendicular bisectors of a triangle intersect at the circumcenter of the triangle, which is the point of intersection of the three perpendicular bisectors.

## Symmedians

The symmedians of a triangle are the lines that connect each vertex of the triangle to the midpoint of the side opposite to that vertex. In an isosceles triangle, the two sides that are equal in length will have the same symmedian. In a scalene triangle, all three sides have different symmedians. The symmedians of a triangle intersect at the nine-point center of the triangle, which is the point of intersection of the three symmedians.

The five 1 bisectors of a triangle are the angle bisectors, the medians, the altitudes, the perpendicular bisectors, and the symmedians. Each bisector divides the triangle into two equal parts and intersects at a different point in the triangle. Understanding these bisectors is important for understanding the structure of a triangle.