Parallelogram MNPQ Dilated to Create Parallelogram M’N’P’Q’

A parallelogram is a four-sided polygon with two pairs of parallel sides. In geometry, a dilation is a transformation that expands or contracts a figure based on a given center point and scale factor. When a parallelogram is dilated, it creates a new parallelogram with the same orientation but with different side lengths. The process of dilating a parallelogram is fairly straightforward, and it can be used to create a variety of different shapes.

To dilate a parallelogram, the first step is to determine the center point and scale factor. The center point is the point from which all other points of the parallelogram will be scaled. The scale factor is the ratio of the new side lengths to the original side lengths. Once these two values have been determined, the next step is to calculate the coordinates of the new parallelogram.

To calculate the coordinates of the new parallelogram, the formula for dilation must be used. The formula for a dilation is (x,y) → (x + k(x – h), y + k(y – k)), where k is the scale factor and h is the x-coordinate of the center point. Using this formula, the coordinates of the new parallelogram can be determined. For example, if the parallelogram MNPQ was dilated to create parallelogram M’N’P’Q’, the coordinates of the new parallelogram would be (x’ + k(x – h), y’ + k(y – k)).

Once the coordinates of the new parallelogram are determined, the next step is to draw the new parallelogram. This can be done using a ruler and a pair of compasses. The compasses should be set to the length of the sides of the new parallelogram, and then the ruler can be used to connect the points. Once the parallelogram has been drawn, it can be compared to the original to ensure that the dilation was successful.

Dilating a parallelogram is a simple process that can be used to create a variety of different shapes. By determining the center point and scale factor, the coordinates of the new parallelogram can be calculated. Once the coordinates are determined, the new parallelogram can be drawn using a ruler and compasses. Using this method, parallelogram MNPQ can be dilated to create parallelogram M’N’P’Q’.



In conclusion, dilating a parallelogram is a simple process that can be used to create a variety of different shapes. By determining the center point and scale factor, the coordinates of the new parallelogram can be calculated. Once the coordinates are determined, the new parallelogram can be drawn using a ruler and compasses. Using this method, parallelogram MNPQ can be dilated to create parallelogram M’N’P’Q’.